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新學期伊始:如何開啟屬于自己的學習模式?

來源:滬江 編輯:justxrh ?  VIP免費外教試聽課 |  可可官方微信:ikekenet

With the new school year quickly approaching (or perhaps, for your early-starters, already under way), it's time to get ready for a successful semester. And while you may be revamping your wardrobe for fall, it's equally important to freshen up your study skills, too.

隨著新學年的快速到來(大概對于提早開始學習的人來說,他們已經進入學習狀態了),是時候為一個成功的學期做準備了。你或許在為金秋置備新裝,而重新梳理一下自己的學習技巧也同樣重要哦。
Have you ever noticed that your study habits are different than those of your friends? Or how you seem to learn faster in certain classes? Some people are quick to blame the professor or subject for their difficulties, but that isn't always the cause. One thing that many people seem to overlook is their learning type.
你是否曾注意到,你的學習習慣與你朋友們的習慣不盡相同?或者你如何能在某些課上學得更快一些?有些人會很快就會怪罪教授或者科目太難,但事實并不總是如此。許多人可能忽略的一點就是他們的學習模式。
The 3 Main Learning Types
3種主要的學習模式
Now, you may be wondering what a learning type is and how to find yours. There are three different learning types: Visual, Auditory, and Kinesthetic. You can be a combination of learning types, but most people have one type that dominates.
現在你或許正在疑惑學習模式是什么、如何找到你的學習模式。有三種不同的學習模式:視覺型、聽覺型和動覺型。你可能混合使用了這些學習模式,但是大多數人有一種主導的學習模式。
1.Visual learners learn best by seeing. If you seem to easily retain information from pictures, graphs, and videos, you are likely a visual learner.
1.視覺型學習者通過“看”學得最好。如果你似乎能通過圖片、圖表和視頻輕松地記住信息,那么你可能是個視覺型學習者。
2.Auditory learners learn best by hearing. If you seem to remember things by hearing them, whether listening to a lecture or repeating information out loud, then you are likely an auditory learner.
2.聽覺型學習者通過“聽”學得最好。如果你好像通過聽來記住事物,不論是聽課還是大聲重復信息,那么你可能是聽覺型學習者。
3.Kinesthetic learners learn best by doing. If you seem to learn best by working with your hands or testing out what you are shown, you are likely a kinesthetic learner.
3.動覺型學習者通過“做”學得最好。如果你好像通過自己動手去做或者測試的方式而學得最好,那么你可能是動覺型學習者。
So now that you know your personal learning style, the trick is to find out how to use your new-found knowledge to help you in your classes.
既然你知道了你個人的學習模式,訣竅就是去發現如何利用你新發現的知識來幫助你的功課。
Tips for Visual Learners
針對視覺型學習者的建議
1.Pay attention! For visual learners, this is very important (and always respectful). If your professr uses a PowerPoint, observe the pictures they might include and their significance.
1.集中注意力!對于視覺型學習者,這一點非常重要(并且一直顯得很有禮貌)。如果你的教授使用幻燈片,那么要觀察其中所含的圖片和它們的含義。
2.Take notes by drawing graphs and connecting ideas instead of just copying down a list. This way, your brain will easily connect the different concepts. You can even draw pictures if you find that works better for you.
2.通過畫圖表和連接想法來記筆記,而不只是復制下列表。用這種方法,你的大腦就能輕松地將不同的概念聯系起來。你甚至可以畫畫,如果你發現這對你來說效果更好的話。
3.Color code your notes and/or your note cards. This will aid your brain in keeping all of the information separate. You can code by chapter, type of information, or any way that helps you.
3.在你的筆記和/或便簽上用不同顏色作代碼。這將幫助你的大腦將所有的信息區隔開來。你可以分章節、信息類別和其他有幫助的方法來進行編碼。
4.Download the notes or presentations if your professor makes them available. This way, you can go back over them before an exam and quickly re-read to retain the info.
4.如果可以得到教授的筆記或報告,下載下來。這樣你就可以在考試之前回過頭來復習,快速重讀一遍,記住所學的信息。
Tips for Auditory Learners
針對聽覺型學習者的建議
1.Again, pay attention! If you aren't listening while the lecture is happening, then as an auditory learner, you're missing out on the easiest way for you to learn without having to make up for it later on.
1.再一次強調,集中注意力!如果在講課時你沒有聽,那么作為一個聽覺型學習者,你就錯失了對你來說最簡單的學習方法,此后也沒法對此彌補。
2.If you think it would help and you obtain permission from the professor, you can record the lecture for future listening.
2.如果你認為這會有幫助并且你得到了教授的許可,你可以對講課內容進行錄音方便以后再聽。
3.If you find that taking notes distracts you from listening, ask a friend if you can borrow their notes OR directly after the lecture, write down everything you remember.
3.如果你發現記筆記會干擾你聽,那么詢問一個朋友你是否能借他/她的筆記,或者一下課就記下你能記住的所有東西。
Tips for Kinesthetic Learners
針對動覺型學習者的建議
1.Guess what the first point is once again? You've got it, pay attention! For kinesthetic learners, it's extremely important that you take notes either by writing or typing, in order to actively engage with information as you receive it.
1.猜猜第一點又是什么?猜對了,集中注意力!對于動覺型學習者來說,為了積極地獲取剛收到的信息,手寫或打字做筆記極為重要。
2.Rewrite notes and reread information. If possible, translate the information into examples. This is something that can help kinesthetic learners retain what they need to know.
2.重寫筆記,重讀信息??赡艿脑?,將信息詮釋為實例。這可以幫助動覺型學習者記住他們需要知道的東西。
3.Visualize! One method that can help kinesthetic learners is to visualize yourself picking up information and putting it into a category. This may sound silly, but in this way you're “doing” something without actually physically doing it.
3.視覺化!一個可以幫助動覺型學習者的方法就是設想你把信息收取,把它放在了一個門類里。這可能聽上去有點愚蠢,但是用這種方法你就可以不用真的身體上有所行動就“做”了某事。
4.Take advantage of labs and other class activities. These moments are when you're at your prime for learning. Concentrate on what you're learning from the experience and pay close attention to the process that you go through.
4.利用實驗室和其他班級活動。這些都是你學習的黃金時刻。全神貫注于你從體驗中學到的東西,密切注意你所經歷的過程。

重點單詞   查看全部解釋    
permission [pə'miʃən]

想一想再看

n. 同意,許可,允許

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code [kəud]

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n. 碼,密碼,法規,準則
vt. 把 ...

 
engage [in'geidʒ]

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v. 答應,預定,使忙碌,雇傭,訂婚

 
respectful [ri'spektfəl]

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adj. 表示尊敬的,有禮貌的,謙恭的

聯想記憶
category ['kætigəri]

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n. 種類,類別

 
retain [ri'tein]

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vt. 保持,保留; 記住

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blame [bleim]

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n. 過失,責備
vt. 把 ... 歸咎于,

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concentrate ['kɔnsntreit]

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v. 集中,專心,濃縮
n. 濃縮物

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separate ['sepəreit]

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n. 分開,抽印本
adj. 分開的,各自的,

 
combination [.kɔmbi'neiʃən]

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n. 結合,聯合,聯合體

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